Introduction to Fortran for Scientific Computing

You are here


Fortran is among the earliest high level programming languages and the first one to be standardized. The specific features of the language and a widespread experience acquired in coding allow Fortran compilers to build highly optimized executables. The major revisions of the standard (77/90/2003) give the chance to improve more and more the code design, and this, along with the large number of mathematical functions included and an extensive collections of highly tuned scientific packages, make Fortran a good candidate in the area of numerical, scientific, engineering and technical applications.

Fortran 90, the ISO standard replacing the previous 77 release, adds many innovations: from the derived types which may be defined by the user, to a specific syntax to handle dynamically allocated memory. Fortran 2003 further enlarges the potentiality of the language by proposing (among other things) the support for object-oriented programming and a standard way to interoperate with C.  Nowadays, Fortran compilers are available for a very large amount of system facilities, from workstations to massively-parallel systems.


By the end of the course the student will be able to:

  • understand the basic elements of the language (type, variable, operator, expression, function, statement, flow control construct)
  • structure a program in code units (program, function, subroutine and module)
  • manage arrays and dynamic memory
  • define and use derived types with elements of object programming
  • understand the best practices on the implementation of some typical scientific cases

Target audience:

Programmers of scientific and technical computing, which may benefit from the knowledge and usage of the main features available in Fortran.


Use of basic informatics tools: line commands, editors. Experience with Linux Operative Systems. Elements of procedural programming: variables, expressions, execution flow, functions. Experiences in Fortran 77 may be helpful.


Intended for: 
Research Institutions
4 dd
Provided as: 
Ordinary Course

Next courses

  • 18-03-2024, Cineca Site - ROME Via dei Tizii, 6b, 00185 Roma RM

Any question?

For HPC and computer graphics courses, write to


Cineca is a non profit Consortium, made up of 102 Italian national institutions: Universities, Italian Research Institutions and the Italian Ministries of Universities and Education.

Today it is the largest Italian computing centre, one of the most important worldwide. With more seven hundred employees, it operates in the technological transfer sector through high performance scientific computing, the management and development of networks and web based services, and the development of complex information systems for treating large amounts of data.

It develops advanced Information Technology applications and services, acting like a trait-d'union between the academic world, the sphere of pure research and the world of industry and Public Administration. .

Visit the Cineca website